How does a house with solar panels work?

How does a house with solar panels work?

The solar energy converted into electrical energy through solar panels, can be used in houses digital touch signage, apartments, sets, industry and wherever electricity required. For this, there are panels of different sizes and characteristics. It is important that you keep in mind that the larger the size, the greater the power generation.

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What do you need to use solar energy at home?

To take advantage of solar radiation to convert it into electrical energy in your home, you need to install a solar power plant. These can be connected to a conventional electrical network or be totally independent and contain of:

  • Solar Panels: hold energy from the sun
  • Regulator: for controlling overloads and discharges
  • Batteries: accrue the captured energy
  • Inverter: transforms the energy of the panels into alternative energy (traditional)

The number of panels varies according to household consumption and the amount of equipment you have. For example, if the consumption of the house is about 12 kilowatts, between 3 and 6 panels would be needed, depending on the capacity of each panel.

With the solar power plant it is possible to supply household appliances, lighting and everything that uses electricity for its operation.

How much should you invest?

If you are interested in installing a fixed solar plant, the cost varies between 15 and 18 million pesos. The best thing is that you do not need to make any modifications to the internal installations of the house, since they work perfectly and the panels are located on the roof of the property.

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What other options are there?

Mobile solar plants can also be found on the market. These are cheaper and can be used in different places since they are easily transported. Its cost varies between 6 and 12 million pesos.

Portable options include small lamps and flashlights. In addition, there is a power bank that has usb connections, cell phone ports, a socket to connect a computer and a fan, it comes with its panels, which can be moved without inconvenience.

6. Hybrid systems

Companies around the world test various hybrid models that combine the best of photovoltaic and thermal to be more efficient. One of these models could be seen at the olympic village in beijing (china). Another possibility is the union hybrid pv with other renewable systems, such as the sun-wind.

7. Futurists: will they ever be possible?

Extracting solar energy from space? The idea would consist of placing solar panels in orbit and transmitting the energy achieved with microwaves or lasers to a ground station to distribute it to the grid. Its high costs make it unfeasible, but increasingly expensive and scarce fossil fuels and advances in technology could make it interesting.

Another futuristic idea is to imitate who best uses the sun’s energy: the leaves of the trees. Some researchers are already working on prototypes of artificial leaves and on reproducing the photosynthesis process in the laboratory. It is not an easy task, since its apparent simplicity hides a complex system and the technological and economic challenges are great.

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